Hundreds of students get into troubles being accused of academic plagiarism due to inability to properly cite their sources.
15 January, 2014
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The word, ‘cite’ is defined as the act of quoting (a passage, book, author, etc.), in support, proof or confirmation. Literature citation is an important concept in the art of literature since it is a path of avoiding plagiarism and also to add depth (weight) to the paper. A citation can be done in any form, ensuring that the correct power has been advanced, with the required references, at the end.
The in-text citing should include the names (author, last name) and the year of publication. In the case of multiple authors, the name of the first author should be followed by the words, ‘et al’, signifying ‘and others’, into the reference. Controversially, if the name of the person is not known, perhaps because the researcher had found the reference on the internet and is doubtful of the name, then, the website title, or perhaps the URL may be put in place.
When journal sources are being cited in a paper, the information should be organized in alphabetical order, in regards to the last name of the first writer. Websites should be listed by title, if they are provided, as well. When the details are provided, the first author’s name should be followed by, the second author’s name, then the year of publication, article title, journal title, volume number and then the pages.
When a book is cited, the most commonly used parameters horizontally is the cite book, followed by the author’s last name, first name, date, title, location, publisher, page. However, several alternatives to this may be adopted. An example of an alternative citing of a Shakespeare book quote in a research paper would look something like this: Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. G. Blakemore Evans. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974. 1306-42. Print.
When referencing several sources by the same author, it is essential to distinguish the parenthesis citations by including the name of the source. A comma has to be used to separate the author from the source. In the instance where something is directly quoted from the source, a parenthetical citation should be placed after the quote.
Parenthesis citations should be at the end of the sentence the writer is paraphrasing and quoting. Where the writer is quoting, the parenthesis citations should be added after the quotations. For example, “Mamma always said stupid is as stupid does.” (Gump 89)
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