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15 January, 2014
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Choosing a research method for your dissertation is one of the most significant processes in your dissertation writing. In order to choose the right research system, first of all, you need to make a thorough literature review. Another point to take into consideration when choosing a methodology is what type of research process you are planning to use: correctional, descriptive or evaluation. When choosing a research type, think how long it will take you to complete your dissertation. Remember, you do not have a lifetime to finish the project and choose the methodology accordingly.
Generally, the techniques of collecting data for your scholarly work are divided into three types: qualitative, quantitative and the mixed type. The choice of one or another system means you will lead your research in a qualitative or quantitative way. You need to understand that you are to choose methods to control the research, and not the other way round.
Here is a brief overview of the methods that will help you write your academic paper.
Such dissertations are usually built upon test theories by adopting an original approach. The basic methods of this approach are the ones that produce quantitative data: surveys and questionnaires, interviews, structured observations, laboratory tests, etc. These techniques make general conclusions regarding wider population from the samples that were studied. Such tools as tables and graphs are often used.
This method is associated with such types of research as participant observations, unstructured interview, focus groups, etc. It often happens that the question that you dwell upon in your dissertation evolves during the research process. Theory is used in a variety of ways: to draw new insights or to test a particular old theoretical framework. The most outstanding feature of the qualitative methodology is studying people or phenomena in a natural setting. The findings are discussed through case study narratives or personal accounts.
This approach is the most challenging one and it is not used as often as the two traditional ones. Its main characteristic is collecting both qualitative and quantitative data and then interpreting it. You may use qualitative research to explore the main points of the issue and then apply quantitative research to establish the relationship between different themes. If you decide to apply this method, you need to think very carefully about the aims of your research and whether using combined technique is efficient, since they are quite different and even opposite in their nature.
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